UMBC CMSC 313, Computer Organization & Assembly Language, Spring 2002, Section 0101


Setting Up

We are using verion 0.98 of NASM for this course. The CD-ROM included in the textbook has version 0.97. It is probably fine to use version 0.97, but if you are going to install the software on your machine you might as well install the latest version. A copy of the source code for 0.98 is available locally at: /afs/ or you may obtain it from the official NASM web site.

To run NASM, you should place the following alias in the .cshrc or .tcshrc in your home directory (or wherever you put your aliases):

alias nasm /afs/ After you logout and log back in, you should be able to just type nasm to invoke the NASM assembler.

Running NASM

Suppose you have an assembly language program in a file called "hello.asm". You can assemble it for Linux with the command: nasm -f elf hello.asm The "-f elf" option tells nasm to output the object code in the Executable and Linking Format (ELF) that Linux uses. This creates an object file called "hello.o". The object code is still not executable. To create an executable file, we must use the linking loader "ld": ld hello.o This then creates an "a.out" file that you can execute from the Linux command line.

If the loader complains that it cannot find the entry symbol _start, it is because you do not have a global label _start for the entry point of your program. To fix this problem, the beginning of the code section of your program should look like:

SECTION .text ; Code section. global _start _start: ; Entry point.

Another useful option in nasm is "-l" for specifying a listing file. The command:

nasm -f elf hello.asm -l hello.lst which will produce a listing file named "hello.lst". The listing file conatins both the source listing of the assembly language program and the machine code for each assembly language operation.

The "-g" option for nasm unfortunately does next to nothing. It is supposed to generate debugging information placed in the object file for the debugger. However, this is still an unimplemented feature in NASM.

For more information on running NASM, consult Chapter 2 of the online NASM manual, or type

nasm -help

Last Modified: 11 Feb 2002 10:57:01 EST by Richard Chang
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