UMBC CMSC 313, Computer Organization & Assembly Language, Fall 2001, Section 0101
NASM on linux.gl.umbc.edu
We are using verion 0.98 of NASM for this course. The CD-ROM included in
the textbook has version 0.97. It is probably fine to use version 0.97, but
if you are going to install the software on your machine you might as well
install the latest version. A copy of the source code for 0.98 is available
or you may obtain it from the
official NASM web site.
To run NASM, you should place the following alias in the .cshrc
or .tcshrc in your home directory (or wherever you put your
alias nasm /afs/umbc.edu/users/c/h/chang/pub/cs313/nasm
After you logout and log back in, you should be able to just type
nasm to invoke the NASM assembler.
Suppose you have an assembly language program in a file called
"hello.asm". You can assemble it for Linux with the command:
nasm -f elf hello.asm
The "-f elf" option tells nasm to output the object code in the Executable
and Linking Format (ELF) that Linux uses. This creates an object file
called "hello.o". The object code is still not executable. To create
an executable file, we must use the linking loader "ld":
This then creates an "a.out" file that you can execute from the Linux
If the loader complains that it cannot find the entry symbol _start, it is
because you do not have a global label _start for the entry point of your
program. To fix this problem, the beginning of the code section of your
program should look like:
SECTION .text ; Code section.
_start: ; Entry point.
Another useful option in nasm is "-l" for specifying a listing file. The
nasm -f elf hello.asm -l hello.lst
which will produce a listing file named "hello.lst". The listing file
conatins both the source listing of the assembly language program and the
machine code for each assembly language operation.
The "-g" option for nasm unfortunately does next to nothing. It is supposed
to generate debugging information placed in the object file for the
debugger. However, this is still an unimplemented feature in NASM.
For more information on running NASM, consult
Chapter 2 of the online NASM
manual, or type
15 Sep 2001 22:43:59 EDT
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