# Classwork 14: Mode

## Objectives

Practice working with arrays.

## The Assignment

Recall that the mode of a sequence of numbers, { x1, x2, ..., xn }, is the value that appears the most number of times (ties are broken arbitrarily). For example, the mode of {1, 7, 2, 2, 4, 2, 1, 3} is 2, since the value 2 appears 3 times.

Your assignment for this classwork is to compute the mode of a sequence of scores stored in a file. We will assume that the scores are between 0 and 20 inclusive. You can start with this skeleton program: mode.c. It was adapted from input4.c shown in class.

To determine the mode, you need to create a new array count[] so that count[i] keeps track of the number of times that the score i has appeared. Since we assume that the scores are between 0 and 20 (inclusive), it is good to define a constant for this value:

```
#define MAX_SCORE 20

```

To complete the program, you need to

1. Declare a new count[] array.

2. Initialize each element of count[] to 0.

3. Iterate through the elements of the A[] array and update count[] in each iteration. (Recall that A[] holds the scores.) For example, when your program sees that A[34] is 11, you should add 1 to count[11] because now you know that 11 has appeared 1 more time.

4. Iterate through the count[] array and print out the number of times that each score appeared.

5. Iterate through the elements of the count[] array to find the maximum count and the score with the maximum count.

6. Print out the score that has the highest count and the number of times that score appeared.

## Notes

1. Where do you put the #define for MAX_SCORE?

2. If the largest possible score is 20, how large do you have to make the count[] array?

3. Once you have the count[] array computed, how do you find the largest element in it? For example, it is not enough to know that the largest count so far is 5, you also need to remember which score has appeared 5 times.

4. Two input files have been prepared for you: cw14test1.txt and cw14test2.txt. The first one is a small file with only 10 numbers that is useful for testing while you develop your program. The second file has 100 numbers.

5. Remember to use input redirection to get the input from a file:

```
PT[194]% ./a.out <cw14test2.txt
The average score is: 9.710000
count[0] is 8.
count[1] is 4.
count[2] is 5.
count[3] is 4.
count[4] is 5.
count[5] is 5.
count[6] is 4.
count[7] is 4.
count[8] is 6.
count[9] is 2.
count[10] is 7.
count[11] is 1.
count[12] is 3.
count[13] is 5.
count[14] is 12.
count[15] is 4.
count[16] is 4.
count[17] is 5.
count[18] is 7.
count[19] is 3.
count[20] is 2.
The mode of the scores is 14. It occurred 12 times.
PT[195]%

```

## Submit

When you are done testing your program, use the script command to record yourself compiling the program and running it on the two test cases. Then, submit as usual:

```
submit cs104_chang cw14 mode.c typescript

```