Using CVS to Submit Projects
CVS is a popular free revision control system. It is designed to allow one or more people to work on the same project, keeping checked in versions of files in a common repository. Its main use is for managing source code in projects with multiple developers, and it includes some pretty nifty support for merging independent changes to text files. In fact, using some sort of revision control is almost required for any reasonably complex software project. The revision tracking features are pretty handy even when working alone. You can go back to any revision of your files that was ever checked into the repository, either by revision number or date.
In our case, you will be checking in your project files, and the TAs will be checking them out for radeng. We encourage you to check in changes often, but in the end you just need to make sure the required files are checked in for each project by the deadline.
First, you must check out your directory for the current project from the repository. This will give you your own working copy of any files supplied by the instructors for the project as well as files needed by CVS to manage your code properly. Do not attempt to work directly in the repository, CVS will get quite confused if you do this, and we probably won't be able to check out your code to grade it. On the GL systems, you'd use a command like this:
cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/class_name/project_name checkout -d directory_name_of_your_choice your_umbc_login
For example, if your username is jones5 you might use the following command line to check out project 0:
linux2% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 checkout -d MyProj0 jones5
This will create a directory called
everything you need to start using CVS for the project. This is the only
time you need to tell CVS where the repository is located. After the intial
checkout, once you cd into your newly created directory (in this
MyProj0), CVS can figure out which repository to use. All
of the major CVS commands apply to the current directory and all directories
Create the directory structure
After checking out your repository,
- Create your src, bin, and package directories
- Add the src and src/package directories to CVS
Write and Test your code
In your src/package directory
- Edit away to create new Java files
- Add your new files to CVS… do this only once for each file
- Use ANT to compile and test your code
- Edit your files to fix the bugs
- Rinse and repeat
Commit your Java files to CVS to save your changes for the next time your work on your project.
Submit your code
Once you're ready to submit your code for grading
- Commit only your build.xml file and your Java files to CVS
Do not submit your .class files or any files used by Eclipse.
You are strongly encouraged to verify that your files have been submitted properly by using the CVS utility scripts. These scripts mimic the building and testing of your code in the same way as the scripts used to grade your code. These scripts are provided for CMSC 341 students and are not CVS commands. Thanks to Dan Hood.
All CVS operations are performed with the cvs command followed by the operation name and/or arguments for the operation. Descriptions of the most common CVS operations are given below. See http://www.cvsnt.org/manual/html/ for the complete on-line CVS manual including a complete set of CVS commands.
Adding and removing files from CVS control
When you create new files for your project, such as a new .java file or directory, you need to tell CVS about it by adding the file or directory to CVS.
linux2% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 add filename
To tell CVS you're removing a file (so it won't come back next time you update — see below):
linux2% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 remove -f filename
Checking in your changes
Your changed or added files are not copied to the CVS repository until you check them in. You must do this for us to be able to check out and grade your work, but you can do it as many times as you want before then.
linux2% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 commit -m "A change message" filename
You should only commit your build.xml file and the contents of your src/package directory (i.e. .java files) for grading. Directories are not committed, only added. Please DO NOT commit the contents of your bin/ or doc/ directory. These will be recreated by the grading scripts.
If you do not use the -m flag an editor will pop up, showing you a listing of what will be checked in. You can enter a log message here to say what was changed. Be sure to EXIT the editor properly after entering your message. ABORTING the editor will result in your file being locked in CVS. If this occurs, use the cvsreset utility to clear your repository. Note that it will be necessary to "add" and "commit" all of your files to your repository in order to replace them. Be sure to read the cvsreset documentation carefully before proceeding.
We will not look at the log messages for grading, but it can be useful if you want to look back at old versions later. You can change editors by setting the EDITOR environment variable (the default editor is vi).
If we make any changes to files we supply (or add some for the later assignments), you can get new versions of these files using the cvs update command. This command pulls down new versions of files from the repository to your local directory. You can also use this operation to get a copy of a file that you accidentally deleted.
cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 update -dThe cvs update command is used by the CVS utility scripts or can be performed manually to validate your submittal.
If all files have been added and committed to CVS, cvs update is quiet.
linux3% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 update -d cvs update: Updating . linux3%If there is a file in your working directory that has not been added to CVS, its name will be prefixed with '?'. Add and commit the file to CVS.
linux3% ls bill.java build.xml CVS junk.java linux3% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 update -d cvs update: Updating . ? bill.java linux3%If there is a file in your working directory that has not been added to CVS, its name will be prefixed with 'A'. Commit the file to CVS.
linux3% cvs add bill.java cvs add: scheduling file `bill.java' for addition cvs add: use 'cvs commit' to add this file permanently linux3% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 update -d cvs update: Updating . A bill.java linux3%Files which are pulled down from the CVS repository to your working directory are prefixed with 'U'.
linux3% cvs -d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0 update -d cvs update: Updating . U john.java
CVSROOTIn each of the command examples above, we used the -d switch to specify the location of the CVS repository … e.g.
-d /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0This switch can be omitted from your CVS commands if you have set the CVSROOT environment variable.
To set CVSROOT for your current login session, use the unix command
linux2% setenv CVSROOT /afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0Note that you must issue the setenv command each time you login and use the path that is appropriate for the current project unless you set CVSROOT permanently. You can set CVSROOT permanently by addng the setenv command above to your .cshrc file (found in your home directory … note the leading "dot"). Be sure to change the command in your .cshrc file for each project.
In either case, you can verify that CVSROOT is set properly by using the echo command
to display its current value.
Note the "$".
linux2% echo $CVSROOT CVSROOT=/afs/umbc.edu/users/f/r/frey/pub/cs341s12/Proj0
General CVS manuals, downloads, etc.: www.cvshome.org